One of the coolest outdoor adventures that you can enjoy is cave diving. Cave diving is relatively safe, and a lot of fun, if you do it properly.
However, it can be quite dangerous and scary if you are not properly prepared. Do not risk your life by going cave diving before you are ready to deal with the conditions there with the proper equipment and knowledge.
The first step to going cave diving is to learn how to properly scuba dive. When you have learned how to use the equipment and feel thoroughly comfortable using it, you are ready to learn the rules of cave diving.
There are five main rules of cave diving that should always be followed if you do not want to risk your life. These rules must be followed.
The first rule is that you must receive training from a professional and knowledgeable cave diver. The safe and properly trained cave diver will never take unnecessary risks or do things that are outside of the training.
This training is often given through a series of classes. Each class focuses on a particular set of dangers.
At certain checkpoints, the class is taken to a cave for hands on experience. When they have proved that they understand the most basic rules they are taught the more advanced rules.
In addition, you are taught what to do in the event of an emergency. Upon graduation they are given license to go cave diving without an instructor or guide.
The second rule of cave diving is that you must use a guide line. The leader will tie the guideline to a secure point outside the cave and to another secure point inside the entrance of the cave in case the first point slips.
Then, as the group travels if anyone gets lost from the group they can find the line and follow it back out to the entrance. Many untrained and inexperienced people who go cave diving fail to use a guideline.
As a result, they get lost and they are unable to find their way out before they run out of air. Unfortunately, this is the number one cause of death associated to cave diving.
There are also several rules pertaining to how the guideline should be laid. It is very important that this is done correctly.
The third rule of cave diving is that you must follow the depth rules associated with this activity. The depth as which you dive will affect your air supply and the pressure that you experience as well as several other factors.
Many of these problems are even greater in a cave rather than out in the open ocean. Some open ocean experienced divers enter caves expecting the same thing they experience outside the cave.
In some cases, they make serious mistakes because they do not know the depth rules of caving. Diving too deep is another cause of casualties related to this activity.
The fourth rule of cave diving relates to air management. The rule is that you can use one third of your air to enter the cave, another third to come out of the cave and that you should reserve the last third for another team member in case of an emergency.
You never want to run out of air while under water in a cave. This could very well mean your death.
It is also important that everyone in your group uses a similar size of tank so that you know when it is time to turn around. With the same size of tank, everyone will have to turn around at the same time instead of leaving one or two to turn around on their own.
While this rule applies to normal caves, caves with more inflow will take more effort to exit. As a result, you will need to reserve even more air in order to make it out.
The fifth rule of cave diving is that you must have the proper kind of light. Each diver must have his or her own source of light in case he or she gets separated from the group.
In fact, he or she should have three sources of light. The diver is expected to use one, and keep the other two as back up lights.
If any of the lights fail, the group must turn around and exit the cave as it would be a disaster if you were stuck in the cave without light. This could also mean your death.